The changes in climate affect the ecosystems on land through changes in the atmospheric climate and the cryosphere – ice, snow and permafrost. The climate indicators for land areas are intended to shed light on the mass balance of glaciers, the duration of the snow cover and changes in the permafrost.
Duration of snow cover on land
Snow cover is an indicator of climate change, since it is controlled by both temperature and precipitation. Snow cover is a complex unit to monitor, but at the same time very important…
Mass balance for glaciers in Svalbard
Melting glaciers are in focus due to climate change and rising temperatures. In Svalbard, several glaciers are monitored to detect the potential loss of mass. Mass balance is the difference…