The ocean climate indicators shed light on changes in sea ice, sea level, ocean temperature, salinity and freshwater currents. Changes in these factors may signal climate change and will have significance for the natural environment in Svalbard, on Jan Mayen and in surrounding waters.
Some indicators also measure processes that are closely linked with trends in the climate globally or in large parts of Europe. Since there are large natural variations in the Arctic, it is important to monitor the ocean climate indicators over a long period.
Temperature and salinity in the Fram Strait
The West Spitsbergen Current (WSC) is the only current transporting warm (>3°C) Atlantic water into the Arctic Ocean. Core temperatures are rising and monitoring is needed to predict changes in…
The transport of freshwater through the Fram Strait
The transport of freshwater in the East Greenland Current through the Fram Strait is monitored because it can affect the regional climate in northern Europe. This is one of the places…
Thickness of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean measured in the Fram Strait
The ice cover in the Arctic Ocean is a vital factor for the climate both globally and in the Arctic, and it also sets important limits for the ecosystems in the Arctic. Most of the ice leaving the Arctic Ocean…
Sea ice extent in the Barents Sea and Fram Strait
It is important to monitor the extent of sea ice because it is vital for the climate in the Arctic and globally, and because it sets important limits for the ecosystems in the Arctic. The sea ice extent in…